Sometimes named charanga francesa,
this type of band appeared
at the beginning of 20th century.
the charanga is devoted primarily to the danzones, until the appearance
of the cha cha chá in 1951, of which it becomes the all-found vector.
At the beginning,
a charanga was made of a flute, a violin, a piano, a double bass, a timbal criollo and a guďro ; nowadays, the formation evolved , and is characterized by the presence of violin(s).
in the time when it was one!
Two cylindrical pieces of hard wood which one strikes one against the other : this very simple percussion, born in the port of Havana, is however the backbone of all Latin music. It's the clave whom one follows, it's upon the clave that rests all the orquestra. It generates rhythmic measurement, it is the primal pulsation : the true heart.
(click on the drawing
for listen to the clave 3/2)
One speaks sometimes about coro of clave to designate the choral societies who occurred in Havana in 19th century to celebrate Christmas. In addition to the various voices, the coros of clave included a small string instrument... without strings and used like a drum, guitars, claves, and sometimes a botija and a harp ; the pieces interpreted by this formation are called cantos of clave.
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